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Biological Controls

Target Treatments To The Pests Being Controlled

Once a pest population has been identified and monitored, Beneficial Insects or other Organisms can be introduced to control and suppress the continued growth of that pest population. Biological controls come in the form of beneficial insects, fungi, bacteria and more. Examples of these include Mite Predators for Spider Mites, Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki for Caterpillars, Fly Eliminators for Stable Flies and Encarsia formosa for Whiteflies.

Beneficial insects can be broken down into two main categories: Generalists and Specialists. Generalist Insects (ie. Green Lacewing, Ladybugs, etc.) will predate or parasitize a wide variety of insect species and are preferable if multiple pest species are present. Specialist Insects should be used when targeting a specific pest species and are typically more condition sensitive. Biological controls should be chosen based on their effectiveness at controlling the identified pest in the environmental conditions you are growing in.

If biological controls do not remediate the problem at hand, consider moving to Chemical Control sprays like Neem, Azadirachtin and Pyrethrins.

For additional information about biological control methods, ecological interactions, specific pest predators/parasites and more, please refer to Penn State University's publication, Bug vs. Bug. It breaks down predator-prey interactions, recommended release methods, pollination and specific insect control measures in detail.

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